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Climate benefits of material substitution by forest biomass and harvested wood products: Perspective 2030

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EC STUDY CONTRACT N° 071201/2013/664709/ETU/CLIMA.A2

Study objectives

The main objective of the study is to provide reliable data and analysis on the overall climate change mitigation potential associated with the use of forest biomass in the EU to substitute products composed of other raw materials and the potential increase of the carbon stock in harvested wood products and forests.
For this purpose, the project will carry out a model-based assessment and scenario analysis of relevant policies and measures that might have an impact on the total demand of wood, the sourcing of wood and the resulting wood flows within and outside the EU.

Derived from this, a comprehensive analysis of these scenarios and their impacts on following elements will be made:

• Changes in forest carbon pools inside and outside EU
• Changes in the harvested wood products (HWP) carbon pool
• Effects of material substitution by using more/less wood
• Effects of substitution of fossil fuels due to an increased/diminished use of forest biomass, residual wood from industry and post-consumer wood

>> Projectflyer.pdf

Work packages

WP1: Snapshots of the carbon balance of forests, trade and use of harvested wood products within EU
WP2: Identification and case studies of selected life cycles of forest based functional units
WP3: Illustrative scenarios for the use of forest biomass towards 2030
WP4: Analysis of policy instruments and strategies on solid biomass and their impact and effectiveness in terms of climate change mitigation


Project consortium

The consortium is led by the Thünen Institute of Wood Research and includes the International Institute for Applied System Analysis (IIASA) in Laxenburg, FCBA in Paris and Werner Environment and Development in Zürich. Christopher Prins (former chief of the Timber Section of United Nations Economic Commission for Europe) and the Öko-Institute contribute on the basis of subcontracts.

consortium partners

Environment & Development

Öko-Institut e.V.

Project duration

November 2013 to June 2015